The fun Christmas season of December is approaching. Japan is about to enter the winter season in earnest.
“Warm even in winter” is the most important factor in assessing the value of a home.
However, for foreigners, Japanese housing has the problem that it is very cold in winter. It feels cold not only for foreigners from hot Southeast Asian countries but also for foreigners from cold regions such as North America and Europe.
I spent my high school days in Hokkaido, and although it was cold outdoors, the inside of the building didn’t feel as cold as Osaka or Tokyo.
Most Japanese rental apartments do not contain the heat insulating material that should be put in the interior floor, wall, and ceiling in order to reduce the construction cost. The rental apartments where heat insulating materials are firmly installed on the floor, walls, and ceiling are very different from rental apartments where heat insulating materials are not installed. The comfort of living differs entirely.
Most of the general owners and lessees do not have any knowledge about this. In fact, there are many cases where construction companies skip the work process of adding heat insulating material to make construction easier.
In the case of detached houses, there are many properties where the underfloor on the first floor is left as soil. The old houses were still soil, and wooden houses were built on the soil. Therefore, turning the floorboard is the same as the soil like the field.
You can prevent the cold to some extent by pouring concrete over this soil to make it a “solid foundation”. At the cost of construction, the underfloor of a wooden detached house can be made of concrete.
But concrete is still cold in winter (and hot in summer).
Since the building is also made of concrete, when the concrete gets cold in winter, the room inevitably gets cold. Depending on the property, it might be warmer outside the apartment building in winter than inside the apartment building. This is because the concrete of the building’s frame gets cold.
Therefore, what is important is a heater that heats the air such as an air conditioner and “bedding”.
Please check the followings in order to make your bedding warmer for Japanese winter.
(1) Double the comforters.
The comforters we provide are ① one summer comforter and ➁ one spring / autumn comforter. Please snap ①summer comforter on ➁spring/ autumn comforter. Then a winter comforter could be made. After doubling it, put the comforter cover on it in one piece.
How to set up → 冬のふとん – 外国人駐在員・外交官向け 高級住宅 (dios.co.jp)
(2) Add a blanket to the comforter (VITGROE)
VITGRÖE ヴィートグローエ 毛布, ホワイト, 150×200 cm – IKEA
(3) Change the comforter cover from sheets to a blanket cover
KRANSSALVIA クランサルヴィア 掛け布団カバー＆枕カバー（枕カバー2枚）, ホワイト, 200×200/50×60 cm – IKEA
(4) Add another blanket to the mattress
(5) Change the blanket of the mattress to an “electric blanket”
Amazon | 電気毛布 ひざ掛け 掛け毛布 電気ブランケット フランネル 厚手 160cmx130cm大きさ ダブル タイマー ボタン式温度調整 安全保護機能付き ギフト ダニ退治 丸洗い 洗濯可能 省エネ PSE認証済み | singway | 電気毛布・ひざ掛け 通販
My recommendation is No.(5) electric blanket.
I love this electric blanket.
I have never felt that an electric blanket is bad for my body.
It is warm and makes people to sleep longer. The reason why people can’t sleep in winter is often due to the cold temperature. You can sleep well if the bedding is warm.
If you use an electric blanket, you will not want to get out of bed because it is warm and too comfortable inside the bed.
With an electric blanket, the winter bedding problem is completely solved.
This month we visited several timber-related businesses near the Yoshino River in Nara Prefecture.
The Yoshino River flows through the center of Nara Prefecture and the northern part of Wakayama Prefecture to the sea, but there are many lumber and furniture processing industries along this river. Geographically, I think the Yoshino River was used to transport trees cut down from Mt. Yoshino and the mountains of Wakayama Prefecture. It is believed that the lumber-related business has a long history.
We drove on the narrow and rough road of Mt. Yoshino and visited Tokuda Meiboku Co., Ltd in Kurotaki Village. When I called Tokuda office in advance, the lady staff kindly accepted our visit, saying, “Yes, please, please come on !.”
When I entered the building of Tokuda Meiboku, I was surprised to see a huge number of natural trees lined up. There are many companies in this area who are engaged in forestry and lumber industry, but they did not do the same thing, and they seemed to be different. Above all, the president of Tokuda Meiboku Co. Ltd has a management strategy that treats natural wood in a dignified manner, and I think it deserves special mention.
I think most of the people who visited Tokuda Meiboku will be surprised by the size and quality of the wood, but I was different from other people. Rather than the splendor of the wood, the natural wood, which is said to have 30,000 different shapes, was properly labeled with numbers in the warehouse and kept in order. I was impressed by the fact that Mr. Tokuda has a very high management ability. I think that the internal control of accounting is also excellent.
I completely liked it. Since I came all the long way to the mountains, I bought as much of this company’s trees as I could put in my car. I would like to make a dining table or shelf using these wood. Tokuda Meiboku Co.Ltd is a forestry, so they will cut good quality cedar and cypress from the mountains. What you do with the tree depends on the creativity of the buyer. It seems that there are also artists. Depending on the creativity of the purchaser, I think that the range of use of natural wood, “how to utilize it,” has great potential.
Wao!? Is this a product?!!
（Photo: GTN Corporation’s application form）
By Masahiro Fukai, Dios Co.,Ltd
I will explain about the guarantor company. The guarantor and the guarantor company are different. Both guarantee rent, but it is common for the landlord to require both a guarantor and a guarantor company. If you have a guarantor, you may think that you do not need a guarantor company, but the guarantor company may request a guarantor during their examination process.
It’s complicated and difficult to understand, isn’t it?
As for the guarantor company, when the Lessee is behind in rent, the guarantor company first reimburses the rent to the owner. After that, the guarantor company collects the rent from the Lessee. Some guarantor companies have advertised that they guarantee rent for 12 or even 24 months. This gives the owner peace of mind. Therefore, most modern rental housing owners require a guarantor company to join for their lease contract. And, in the contract with the guarantor company, the borrower has to pay about half a month’s rent to the guarantor company.
Why does the Lessee have to pay the guarantor company half a month’s rent? Some people say, “I wish the owner would pay for it.”
Until around 2000, there was no guarantor company system in Japan. Until then, the security deposit (Shikikin) was 6 to 10 months. Foreigners were surprised at the large initial cost of Japan.
Actually, this was also unavoidable. Under Japanese law, even if Lessee delinquently pays his rent, it is difficult to kick out the Lessee. It takes about 6 to 10 months to kick out the Lessee who does not pay the rent. Therefore, a security deposit was required for 6 to 10 months.
However, if the security deposit was 6 to 10 months, it would be too burdensome for the Lessee. A security deposit is a deposit that puts your money to sleep and you will not be able to drive cash while you are living in the apartment. On the other hand, if the owner also lacks cash flow, the owner may not be able to refund a large security deposit when Lessee moves out.
Therefore, the “Guarantor company” was introduced around 2000 in Japan.
The borrower pays the security deposit to the owner for about a month. Recently, the number of properties with a security deposit of 0 yen has increased. Instead, you pay the guarantor about half a month’s rent. Comparing paying the security deposit for 6 to 10 months and paying the guarantor fee for half a month of rent, it is lighter to pay the guarantor company for half a month.
Thus, from around 2000, guarantor companies became widespread in Japanese rental contracts.
（Reference) Japan’s Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism guidebook URL: Guidebook_Mac.indb (mlit.go.jp)
[Real Estate Agent] This is an agent that serves as the landlord’s agent for
renting housing and that buys and sells real estate.
[Guarantor] This is a person who pays unpaid rent or unpaid repair
costs after you vacate rental housing when you do not/
cannot make the payment yourself. A guarantor is required
when applying to rent rental housing. Guarantors must
have an income that exceeds a certain level. It may be
requested when you apply to rent housing.
[Application Fee] This is money that is paid to the real estate agent when
reserving a rental agreement. Check if the application fee
is returned if a rental agreement is not formed.
[Key Money] This is money that is paid to the landlord at the rental
agreement signing. Key money is often required in the
Kanto Region and is usually 1 or 2 months rent. Key
money is not returned. Recently there is some rental
housing that does not require key money to rent.
[Rent] This is the charge for renting the housing, and generally
the rent for the current month is due at the end of the
previous month. If you move into or out of housing after
the first day of the month, the rent for that month in
principle will be prorated.
[Rent Liability Guarantee Company]
A rent liability guarantee company is a company that
guarantees to pay the rent to the landlord in the event that
you do not pay the rent. To use such a company, you must
pay a set guarantee fee (this is often 35% to 50% of one
month’s rent paid in advance as the guarantee fee for 2
years). However, this is not insurance. The guarantee
company will bill you for the rent that it paid for you.You
may be asked to use this service when applying to rent